What is phonological processing?

Speech sound processing.

Our use of sounds to process and understand spoken and written language.  It includes skills such as phonological and phonemic awareness, phonological working memory, and phonological retrieval.  Weaknesses in these areas are usually the core weakness in reading and learning disabilities, such as dyslexia.

What is phonological retrieval?

Thinking of sounds when you see letters.

The ability to recall the speech sounds associated with letters.  When attempting to read or spell a word, a child having difficulty with phonological retrieval will struggle to remember the sound each letter or letter combination represents.  This will make reading and spelling at the word level extremely difficult.

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But they can read.

They just don't understand what they read.

Speech-Language Therapy


Reading & Dyslexia

How We Help

Them Catch Up

What is phonological memory?

Speech sound memory.

The storage of sounds in temporary short-term working memory.  We use this skill when remembering how much to pay a cashier, repeating a phone number until we're able to write it down, and recalling the sounds in a word as we attempt to sound it out or spell it.  If a child can't keep track of the sounds they're attempting to use, reading and spelling will be very challenging.

Reading requires a complex set of skills.  Because it can take time for children to benefit from their progress in the classroom, it is critical to get them the right kind of help as soon as possible.

Are they frustrated?  Do they hate reading?  Do they hate school?

We know.  They are trying.  They simply need the right kind of help.

And, they need it before the problem snowballs in later grades.

But, why would they need a speech therapist?

Because letters are symbols... they represent speech. Because we read and write language.

Because Speech-Language Pathologists are experts in speech and language.

After all, if you're not reading and writing language, what are you reading and writing?.

​But, my child can read.  They're just still struggling.

That's ok, we can help them, too.  Scroll down.

What is phonological awareness?

The ability to think about the sounds in words.

The ability to analyze and manipulate the sound structure of a language.  An example is rhyming.  By changing the first sound in a word, you create a rhyme... cat, hat, rat, bat.  Difficulty in this area will lead to a slow-down in a child's ability to figure out how sounds work in words.  Unfortunately, if they're struggling with sounds, they will also struggle with letters, reading, and spelling.


When Needed, We Begin at the Beginning

Struggling with letters?  We'll teach letter-sound knowledge in a way that plays to their strengths.  Struggling to sound out words?  We'll teach the missing skills in a child-friendly way.

We use a speech-to-print approach and the most recent advances in reading science and research to help your child catch up.

Skills begin progressing almost immediately.

We also use these skills to take reading from the word level to the story level.  Even though they can read words, they may have trouble binding together the sounds they hear and say, the words they see and write, and the context and meaning of those words.  If this is the case, they'll stop, start, and struggle to understand what they read.